Frick Laboratory, 128
Some materials are not easily described with conventional, textbook, condensed matter physics laws. These quantum materials can exhibit exotic properties that could help improve information technology (for example: being able to build quantum computers). Additionally, they can be hosts of completely new physics and can even help to increase our understanding of the universe. New exciting phenomena are rapidly predicted by theoretical physicists. In order to study these properties, materials that fulfill the requirements need to be discovered first. This is where chemistry comes into play. Combining lessons from inorganic chemistry with electronic structure calculations gives predictive power to find these materials. After identifying interesting candidates, we will synthesize and characterize them.
Our group operates with the following procedure: First, inspiration comes from recognizing patterns in electronic structure, crystal structure, and properties of known materials. Then, this knowledge is used to find a compound that could be a starting point to realize a desired property in a new material. Chemical concepts about bonding and electron count are the most important tools for achieving this. Subsequently, the electronic structure is calculated using available codes. If it confirms the initial idea, the material will be synthesized and characterized. To make the new materials, we use the combined knowledge of solid state chemistry, including methods such as flux growth, vapor transport, and Bridgman growth. Finally, if the crystal structure assumed for the electronic structure calculation and the real crystal structure match, the properties can be measured.
2021 Sloan Fellowship
2020 Packard Fellowship in Science and Engineering
2019 EPiQS Materials Synthesis Investigator – Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation
2019 Beckman Young Investigator Awardee
2015 Minerva Fast Track Fellowship, Max Planck Society
R. Singha, T. H. Salters, S. M. L. Teicher, S. Lei, J. F. Khoury, N. P. Ong, and L. M. Schoop. Evolving Devil’s Staircase Magnetization from Tunable Charge Density Waves in Nonsymmorphic Dirac Semimetals. Adv. Mater. 2021. web
S. Lei, S. M. L. Teicher, A. Topp, K. Cai, J. Lin, G. Cheng, T. H. Salters, F. Rodolakis, J. L. McChesney, S. Lapidus, N. Yao, M. Krivenkov, D. Marchenko, A. Varykhalov, C. R. Ast, R. Car, J. Cano, M. G. Vergniory, N. P. Ong, and L. M. Schoop. Band Engineering of Dirac Semimetals Using Charge Density Waves. Adv. Mater. 33, 2101591. 2021. web. Press Release
J. F. Khoury and L. M. Schoop. Chemical bonds in topological materials. Trends in Chemistry, 3, 9, pg. 700-715. 2021. web
R. J. Kirby, A. Ferrenti, C. Weinberg, S. Klemenz, M. Oudah, S. Lei, C. P. Weber, D. Fausti, G. Scholes, and L. M. Schoop. Transient Drude Response Dominates Near- Infrared Pump-Probe Reflectivity in Nodal-Line Semimetals ZrSiS and ZrSiSe. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 91, 2020. web
S. Klemenz, A. K. Hay, S. M. L. Teicher, A. Topp, J. Cano, and L. M. Schoop. The role of delocalized chemical bonding in square-net-based topological semimetals. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 142, 13, 6350-6359, 2020. web. JACS Spotlight. Selected to be ACS “Editor’s Choice”. Selected for JACS Young Investigators Issue
S. Lei, J. Lin, Y. Jia, M. Gray, A. Topp, G. Farahi, S. Klemenz, T. Gao, F. Rodolakis, J. L. McChesney, C. R. Ast, A. Yazdani, K. S. Burch, S. Wu, N. P. Ong, and L. M. Schoop. High mobility in a van der Waals layered antiferromagnetic metal. Sci. Adv. Vol. 6, no. 6, eaay6407, 2020. web. Press Release
X. Song, G. Cheng, D. Weber, F. Pielnhofer, S. Lei, S. Klemenz, Y. W. Yeh, K. A. Filsinger, C. B. Arnold, N. Yao, and L. M. Schoop. Soft chemical synthesis of HxCrS2: an antiferromagnetic material with alternating amorphous and crystalline layers. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2019. web
LM Schoop, F Pielnhofer, and BV Lotsch. Chemical Principles of Topological Semimetals. Chem. Mater. 30, 3155-3176, 2018. web
LM Schoop, MN Ali, C Straßer, A Topp, A Varykhalov, D Marchenko, Vi Duppel, SSP Parkin, BV Lotsch, and CR Ast. Dirac Cone Protected by Non- Symmorphic Symmetry and 3D Dirac Line Node in ZrSiS. Nat. Comm., 7:11696, 2016.