Wed, Mar. 25, 2015, 4:30pm - 6:00pm
Taylor Auditorium, Frick Laboratory
Host: Greg Scholes
Controlling solid-state order for high-performance organic materials
The electronic and photophysical properties of organic materials depend critically on the precise arrangement of chromophores in the solid state. In the most highly ordered cases – organic single crystals – we find that shifts in solid state order of only a few tenths of an Å can render a high-performance semiconductor useless, and that minuscule changes in substitution pattern can dramatically enhance performance. Using a simple functionalization scheme, we have developed a reproducible method for altering and tuning the solid-state order of a wide array of linearly-fused aromatic and heteroaromatic semiconductors. The scheme can induce an array of π-stacked arrangements, and the impact of solid-state order on performance in several different device applications will be explored. In general, transistors with high charge carrier mobility benefit from the closest intermolecular contacts and dense crystal packing, although for good film formation they must also adopt a lamellar secondary structure in the crystal. In contrast, materials for photovoltaics perform best in simple 1-D or linear π-stacked arrangements. And to exploit many photophysical phenomena, the materials much show little to no π-stacking in the solid state.